Indiana is a state located in the Midwestern United States. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Indiana has several nicknames, such as “The Hoosier State”, “The Indiana State” and “The Indiana”. The state capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th state on December 11, 1816.
Indiana is divided into two time zones, Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5) and Central Time Zone (UTC-6). The northern border of Indiana is along Lake Michigan, making it one of the Great Lakes states; and its western border is with Illinois. Indiana borders Ohio to the east and southeast, Kentucky to the south, and Michigan to the northwest. Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $329 billion in 2017. Indiana is home to several major sports teams, including the Indiana Pacers of the National Basketball Association (NBA), the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League (NFL), and Indiana Fever of the Women’s National Basketball Association.
Racism has always been a problem in Indiana. The Indiana Klan was one of the most powerful and active Ku Klux Klan organizations in the United States during the 1920s. At its peak, the Indiana Klan had over 30,000 members. The Indiana Klan was responsible for many lynchings, beatings, and other acts of violence against African Americans.
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, Indiana was known as a “Sundown State”. This meant that African Americans were not allowed to be in the state after sundown. If they were caught, they would be beaten or even killed. Many towns and cities in Indiana had signs that said “Nigger, don’t let the sun set on you in Indiana.”
Indiana was also a Jim Crow state. This meant that there were laws that kept African Americans from being equal to whites. African Americans had to use separate bathrooms, water fountains, and schools. They also could not vote or serve on juries.
The racism in Indiana led to the development of the Civil Rights Movement in the state. In 1949, an African American man named George Wiley tried to register to vote but was turned away because of his race. This led to the formation of the Indiana NAACP Youth Council. The Youth Council staged protests and sit-ins to try to end Jim Crow laws in Indiana. They were successful in getting some of the laws changed, but many remained in place until after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed.
Indiana is also home to two racist hate groups: the Ku Klux Klan and the Neo-Nazi group Vanguard America. These groups have been responsible for several acts of violence and vandalism in recent years.
It is clear that racism is still a problem in Indiana. Despite the progress that has been made, there is still much work to be done in order to create a more equal and just Indiana for all.
Racism is a pervasive problem across the United States, and the state of Indiana is no exception. Historically, Indiana has been a battleground for civil rights, with incidents of discrimination, prejudice, and inequality affecting African Americans and other minority groups. While progress has been made in recent years, racism still persists in Indiana, and its effects on Black people are far-reaching and damaging.
One of the most significant effects of racism on Black people in Indiana is the economic and social marginalization they face. Racism has led to a disproportionate distribution of wealth and resources, which often leaves Black people at a disadvantage. They are more likely to live in poverty, have lower-paying jobs, and face higher rates of unemployment. The lack of access to quality education and healthcare further compounds these issues, leaving Black people without the necessary tools to improve their circumstances.
Additionally, racism in Indiana has led to systemic discrimination in areas such as housing, law enforcement, and the criminal justice system. Black people are more likely to face police brutality, be arrested and charged with crimes, and receive harsher sentences compared to their white counterparts. This systemic discrimination perpetuates a cycle of poverty, incarceration, and limited opportunities for Black people.
Racism also has a significant impact on the mental and physical health of Black people in Indiana. Experiencing racism and discrimination can lead to chronic stress and anxiety, which can cause long-term health issues such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and depression. The trauma of racism can also manifest in other ways, such as addiction, self-harm, and suicide.
The effects of racism are not limited to the individual level, as racism also has a profound impact on the Black community as a whole. Racism erodes the sense of community, trust, and belonging among Black people, which can lead to social isolation and disengagement from society. This, in turn, can lead to a lack of representation in government, businesses, and other institutions, which further perpetuates systemic discrimination and inequality.
In conclusion, racism is a pervasive problem in Indiana that has far-reaching effects on the Black community. Its impact is seen in economic and social marginalization, systemic discrimination, and negative effects on mental and physical health.
SUNDOWN TOWNS IN INDIANA
Sundown town, in U.S. history, a town that excluded nonwhite people—most frequently African Americans—from remaining in town after sunset.
Here is a current list of sundown towns in Indiana. This list has been created by Tougaloo College in Tougaloo, MS. This list is a work in progress. Some cities have been confirmed as sundown towns and some are listed for other or similar reasons.