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Massachusetts : By The Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only Under Liberty



Massachusetts is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, New York to the west, and Vermont and New Hampshire to the north. Massachusetts is the 7th smallest state in the United States with an area of 10,555 square miles (27,360 km2), and is also the most populous with a population of over 6.8 million people. The capital city of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the largest city in New England.

Massachusetts was first settled by the English in 1620 and was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. Massachusetts was originally founded as a colony for religious freedom, but it later became known for its leading role in the American Revolution and as the birthplace of the American Industrial Revolution. Massachusetts is also home to many renowned universities, including Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Boston College.

Massachusetts is a diverse state with a rich history and culture. It is known for its scenic beauty, as well as its vibrant cities and towns. Whether you’re looking to explore the state’s natural wonders or its historical landmarks, Massachusetts has something for everyone.

Racism has been a problem in Massachusetts since the state was first founded. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was established with the intent of providing religious freedom, but this quickly turned into a haven for racists who sought to escape persecution in other colonies. The colony enacted a set of “black codes” that restricted the rights of African Americans and made it difficult for them to obtain land or jobs. Massachusetts also had slave auctions, and Boston was a major center for the slave trade.

The racism continued into the post-colonial era, with Massachusetts enacting Jim Crow laws that segregated public facilities and limited the rights of African Americans. These laws were not fully repealed until the 1950s. In recent years, Massachusetts has been working to address its history of racism and to promote racial equality.

Massachusetts is known for being a progressive and inclusive state, but like many places in the United States, racism still exists and affects the lives of Black people. Racism in Massachusetts has a long history, including the state’s involvement in the slave trade and the forced removal of Native American tribes from their land. Today, Black residents continue to face discrimination and unequal treatment in many areas of their lives.

The effects of racism on Black people in Massachusetts are far-reaching and can have long-lasting consequences. One major area where racism has a significant impact is in education. Black students in Massachusetts are more likely to attend underfunded schools with fewer resources and experienced teachers. As a result, they may not receive the same quality of education as their white peers, which can limit their opportunities for future success. Additionally, Black students are more likely to be disciplined and suspended from school at higher rates than white students, which can lead to a cycle of disengagement and academic failure.

Another area where racism has a significant impact is in housing. Black residents in Massachusetts are more likely to live in neighborhoods with higher poverty rates and limited access to resources like public transportation, quality healthcare, and fresh food. This can contribute to health disparities and economic inequality, as well as limit access to job opportunities and career advancement.

Racism also has a significant impact on the criminal justice system. Black people in Massachusetts are disproportionately targeted by law enforcement and are more likely to be stopped, searched, and arrested than their white counterparts. They are also more likely to receive harsher sentences and longer prison terms for the same offenses. This not only affects individuals but can also impact entire communities, as families are separated, and community resources are diverted to support the prison system.

Finally, racism in Massachusetts affects Black people’s mental health and well-being. Constant exposure to discrimination and microaggressions can lead to stress and trauma, which can lead to physical and mental health problems. Black people may also feel isolated and unsupported, which can contribute to feelings of depression, anxiety, and hopelessness.


Sundown town, in U.S. history, a town that excluded nonwhite people—most frequently African Americans—from remaining in town after sunset.

Here is a current list of sundown towns in Massachusetts. This list has been created by Tougaloo College in Tougaloo, MS. This list is a work in progress. Some cities have been confirmed as sundown towns and some are listed for other or similar reasons.


















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